Appendix to the Sweet Saviour Offerings,


Two other items demand our consideration.

1. The Drink Offering. This is not mentioned in Leviticus 1-7, but it is associated characteristically with the sweet savour offerings, and it is important, Num. 15. 1-11; 28. 1-15. It consisted of wine only, which was not to be drunk by the offerer, but was to be poured out before the Lord. The first mention of this is to be found in Genesis 35. 14. Jacob, on returning to Bethel where God had confirmed to him the covenant made to Abraham and Jacob, set up a pillar and poured out a drink offering and oil thereon. Apart from this one instance, it was never offered alone. It was always linked with the burnt and meal offerings.

Its Quality. It was to be strong wine, Num. 28. 7. It was never to be adulterated or watered down.

Its Quantity. This varied with the sacrificial animal involved. For a bullock, half an hin was commanded; while for a ram, a third of an hin, and for a lamb, a quarter of an hin were required. An hin equalled one and a half gallons liquid measure.

The three different measures would suggest the differing capacities of appreciation of Christ on the part of the babes, the young men and the fathers, 1 John 2. 12-14. Growth into spiritual maturity brings with it a deeper, fuller appreciation of Christ. This in turn increases our joy of which wine is a symbol. In the N.T. there are three grades of this. There is joy, John 16. 22; exceeding joy, Jude 24; and full joy, 1 John 1. 4. John uses the latter term six times, cf. John 1. 29; 15. 11; 16. 24; 17. 13; 1 John 1. 4; 2 John 12. It is the strong wine of the drink offering. Note specially the following references, Phil. 2. 17 R.V.; 2 Tim. 4. 6 R.V.

2. The meaning of "Fat" in the Sweet Savour Offerings. The fat is especially emphasized in the peace offering, the word occurring about sixteen times. It was never eaten, but in its entirety was burnt upon the altar. The fat along with the kidneys was the Lord's portion. The caul above the liver, 3. 4, was the sheet suet which like an envelope or shield encloses the vital internal organs. In a healthy well-fed animal it was thick and heavy. It indicates internal excellence. In a sickly, poorly nourished animal it is thin like lace. The sheep butcher today takes it out and drapes it over the back legs. The fat tail of the sheep in the Near East often weighed as much as fifteen pounds, and was considered a great delicacy. It too indicated the intrinsic excellence and reserve energy of the animal. The kidneys (reins, A.V.) suggest the hidden motives and are so used metaphorically in Scripture, e.g. Psa. 7.9; Jer. 17. 10; Rev. 2. 23. The fat covering the inwards suggests the great love and affection of Christ for His Father, His inward motives and desires which were all a sweet savour when offered on the altar.

"We have perhaps one reason for fat being especially God's portion in that it is the only thing that can extract sweet perfume of flowers; but to do this it must be fat without a flaw. In perfumeries at Grasse this is most thoroughly insisted on. After being examined, the fat is cut, boiled, and passed through sieves before being brought into contact with the flowers. Then after it is sufficiently impregnated with the scent of the blossoms, strong spirit is mixed with it which extracts from the fat the sweetness which it contains. All God's peace offerings will thus absorb the perfume day by day and then yield up to the Spirit their treasure." Handley Bird

There are 7 articles in
ISSUE (1987, Volume 38 Issue 5)

Appendix to the Sweet Saviour Offerings,

The Christian and the Law of God

Gospel Work and other Assembly Activities

Jehoshaphat-A King made wise

Lessons from Martha

The Levitical Offerings

This is our God - The Eternal God

This article is not part of a series

There are 67 articles by this author

Springburn Gospel Hall, Glasgow

Christian Workers’ Relief Fund

Brass Tacks

Neston Gospel Hall, Wiltshire, England

Low Waters Gospel Hall, Hamilton, Scotland

Sharing Christ with Muslims - A basic Guide

The Moral Maze

Heroes of the Faith

Timeless truths about the local assembly

Timeless truths about the local assembly

Rebel without a Cause

Ten things God won’t ask on that day

Is what you do for the Lord, a job, or a ministry?

A brief history of Jalan Imbi Chapel, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

The Valley of the Shadow

F. Cundick

Symposium of Bible Doctrine

E. W. Rogers

Harold P. Hobbs

‘Day by Day through the New Testament’ and other books available

How would we react to this Today?

‘Father God’

The First Day of the Week

Appendix to the Sweet Saviour Offerings,


Henry Miles Linton

Leonard Cave

The 1989 Christian Year Diaries

Caring for those who find themselves left to cope on their own

I have learned to be content

Christian Websites


Behold the Lamb

Joshua 14. 10.

Pastoral Insights (2)

No Replay Received!

Request Clear Answers (Leaflet)

False Teachers Active

Family Life Decaying

Harry Lacey

A truthful tongue avoids half-truths

Views from the News

Views from the News

Who Cares?


Believers under threat

Bryn Mawr Assembly, Philadelphia, USA

Views from the News

Managing your anger?

Winning souls with tracts

Nelson’s Ultimate Bible Reference Library

On-line Bible, Version 2.10

He is coming

‘But there is forgiveness with Thee’

Mal. 4. 6.

Blairhall Assembly, Scotland

Remember the Children and the Adults at Christmas

Bible Bytes

Egypt And Babylon

Training for Missionary Work

Are Things Ready To Die? - And If So What Then?

“A Rigid System Of Priorities”

Christ And You (Colossians)


A Guide To Personal Work

Some Salutary Questions

Let Every Man Take Heed - 1 Corinthians 3. 5-17