Having considered (i) Messiah’s suffering, Isa. 53. 5-7, and (ii) death, v.8, we now come to look at (iii) Messiah’s burial, v.9. For centuries this verse must have formed something of a holy riddle to its readers—a riddle which has been solved only by its detailed fulfilment in Christ. We observe:
Attention is now directed to (iv) Messiah’s resurrection, v.10. The verse provides an assessment of what has been done by Jehovah’s Servant and of the resulting benefits. We read of
The last section of the Song provides
Finally Jehovah speaks—to signify His approval of His perfect Servant. Three things are said of the Servant’s work and its outcome.
(i) The Results Achieved, v.11.
(ii) The Rewards Given, v. 12a. The Servant’s rewards are seen in His relationship to two classes of people, the “great” and the “strong”. I regard the first as denoting believers and the second unbelievers. The Septuagint reads, “He shall inherit many, and he shall divide the spoils of the mighty”. The “many” are those mentioned elsewhere in verses 11 and 12. They are the “many sons” who are being brought to glory, Heb. 2. 10. The “mighty” are His prey; see Rev. 17. 14. They, as all others, will bow before Him one day, Phil. 2. 10.
(iii) The Reasons for the Rewards, v.l2b. The word “because” introduces the reasons for Messiah’s rewards. The first reason consists in (a) His finished work. The word translated “poured out” means “to strip or empty, or pour clean out, even to the very last remnant”, Delitzsch. The Servant’s being “numbered with the transgressors” points not only to His being associated with criminals in His death, Mark 15. 27-28, but to the fact of the incarnation, when He “was made flesh”, John 1. 14. The second reason consists in (b) His unfinished work. I suggest that the last two clauses of verse 12 relate to the Lord’s present work of advocacy. A more accurate translation would be “and he beareth the sin of many, and for the transgressors He shall (continually) make intercession”. The word translated “bare” is rendered “forgive” in Genesis 50. 17 and Exodus 10. 17. If we sin (not, if we confess our sin!), we can rely on our Advocate in heaven to take up our case with the Father, 1 John 2. 1. At the same time, the “Advocate” in our hearts (the Holy Spirit, John 14. 16 Greek) reveals our sins to us. When we confess them to the Father, He forgives us and our broken communion with Him is restored, 1 John 1. 9. How much we owe to our Lord’s intercession for us, Rom. 8. 34; Heb. 7. 25.
This last Servant Song of Isaiah ends therefore where it began—in glory! Oh, that we may hear God’s call, “Behold my servant”, Isa. 42. 1.
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